Performance Bonds for BEAD Grants

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Performance bonds are now acceptable in lieu of Letter of Credit for BEAD grant requirements

A performance bond, often used in the construction industry and in large contracts, is a surety bond issued by an insurance company or a bank to guarantee satisfactory completion of a project by a contractor. 

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In essence, a performance bond is a risk management tool that protects the project owner from financial loss if the contractor does not fulfill their obligations.

Here's a breakdown of the key components of a performance bond:

Purpose: The bond ensures that the contractor completes the project as per the terms, specifications, and deadlines outlined in the contract. If the contractor fails to do so, the bond provides financial compensation to the project owner.

Parties Involved:

  • The Principal: This is the contractor or the party responsible for completing the project.
  • The Obligee: Usually the project owner or the entity requiring the work.
  • The Surety: The insurance company or bank that issues the bond and guarantees the project's completion.
  • Cost: The cost of a performance bond is typically a percentage of the contract amount, depending on the contractor's credit history, financial strength, and the bond's size.

Process: When a contractor fails to complete a project as agreed, the obligee can make a claim on the bond. The surety then has to either ensure the completion of the contract or compensate the obligee for any financial losses.

Duration: The bond is typically active until the project is completed and a specified maintenance period (if any) has passed.


  • For the Obligee, it provides financial security and assurance that the project will be completed.
  • For the Principal, it can enhance their credibility and ability to secure large contracts.
  • Types of Projects: Performance bonds are commonly used in construction, but they can also apply to other large projects or service contracts.

Under NTIA guidance, a grant applicant can provide a performance bond equal to 100% of the BEAD subaward amount in lieu of a letter of credit, provided that the bond is issued by a company holding a certificate of authority as an acceptable surety on federal bonds as identified in the Department of Treasury Circular 570.

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